Monographs cover generic and brand name, drug class and mechanism, dosing, drug interactions, side effects,and use. home > medications a-z list- a. A-Z Drug List [Browse by brand or generic name] .. Multum; Allocord (Cord Blood Injectable Suspension for Intravenous Use)- FDA; Allopurinol (Zyloprim)- FDA. A medication is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease. Drug therapy The World Health Organization keeps a list of essential medicines. Drug use among elderly Americans has been studied; in a group of people.


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Bymeprobamate had become the fastest-growing drug in history. The popularity of meprobamate paved the way for Librium and Valium, two minor tranquilizers that belonged to a new chemical class of drugs called the benzodiazepines.

These were drugs that worked chiefly as anti-anxiety agents and muscle medicine list and uses.

Drug Index A to Z

medicine list and uses The first benzodiazepine was Librium. Three months after it was approved, Librium had become the most prescribed tranquilizer in the nation. Three years later, Valium hit the shelves and was ten times more effective as a muscle relaxant and anti-convulsant.

Valium was the most versatile of the minor tranquilizers. Later came the widespread adoption of major tranquilizers such as chlorpromazine and the drug reserpine.

In sales began to decline for Valium and Librium, but medicine list and uses of new and improved tranquilizers, such as Xanax, introduced in for the newly created diagnosis of panic disorder, soared.

The launch of Pravachol pravastatinthe second available in the United States, and the release of Zocor simvastatin made Mevacor no longer the only statin on the market.

InViagra was released as a treatment for erectile dysfunction. The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrusthe oldest known medical text of any kind, dates to about BC and represents the first documented use of any kind of drug.


Ancient Babylonian medicine demonstrate the use of prescriptions in the first half of the 2nd millennium Medicine list and uses. Medicinal creams and pills were employed as treatments. It describes plant-based drugs to counter diseases. The Hippocratic Oath for physicians, attributed to 5th century BC Greece, refers to the existence of "deadly drugs", and ancient Greek physicians imported drugs from Egypt and elsewhere.


Medieval medicine saw advances in surgery, but few truly effective drugs existed, beyond opium found in such extremely popular drugs as the "Great Rest" of the Antidotarium Nicolai at the time [33] and quinine.

Folklore cures and potentially poisonous metal-based compounds were popular medicine list and uses. Theodoric Borgognoni—one of the most significant surgeons of the medieval period, responsible for introducing and promoting medicine list and uses surgical advances including basic antiseptic practice and the use of anaesthetics.

Garcia de Orta described some herbal treatments that were used.

Medication - Wikipedia

Modern pharmacology[ edit ] For most of the 19th century, drugs were not highly effective, leading Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. In the inter-war period, the first anti-bacterial agents such as the sulpha antibiotics were developed.

The Second World War saw the introduction of widespread and effective antimicrobial therapy with the development and mass production medicine list and uses penicillin antibiotics, made possible by the pressures of the war and the collaboration of British scientists with the American pharmaceutical industry.

Medicines commonly used by the late s included aspirincodeineand morphine for pain; digitalisnitroglycerinand quinine for heart disorders, and insulin for diabetes. Other drugs included antitoxinsa few biological vaccines, and a few synthetic drugs.

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In the s antibiotics emerged: Drugs increasingly became "the center of medical practice". Increasingly, biotechnology is used to discover biopharmaceuticals.

A - Z Drug List from

Although often accepted as an advance in some ways, there was some opposition, due to serious adverse effects such as tardive dyskinesia. Patients often opposed psychiatry and refused or stopped taking the drugs when not subject to psychiatric control.

Governments have been heavily involved in the regulation of medicine list and uses development and drug sales. The Humphrey-Durham Amendment required certain drugs to be sold by prescription. In a subsequent amendment required new drugs to be tested for efficacy and safety in clinical trials.

As more drugs became prescribed for chronic illnesses, however, costs became burdensome, and by the s nearly every U.