Your hockey team is made up of four main groups of players. They are: Strikers: Left Wing - Centre Forward - Right Wing. Mid-fielders: Left inside - Centre Half - Right inside. Backs: Left Half - Fullback - Fullback - Right Half. Goalkeeper. Learn how to play field hockey with the gear, positions, rules, history and drills explained in this guide. Jump to Positions - The team consists of eleven players, the players are usually set up as follows: Goalkeeper, Left Fullback, Right Fullback, 3 half-backs and 5 forwards consisting of Left Wing, Left Inner, Centre-Forward, Right Inner and Right members‎: ‎11 field players.


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Dangerous play and raised balls[ edit ] According to the current Rules of Hockey [30] issued by the FIH there are only two criteria for a dangerously played ball.

The first is legitimate evasive action by an opponent what constitutes legitimate evasive action is an umpiring judgment. The second is specific to the rule field hockey positions a shot at goal at a penalty corner but is generally, if somewhat inconsistently, applied throughout the game and in all parts of the pitch: The velocity of the ball is not mentioned in the rules concerning a dangerously played ball.

Field hockey

A ball that hits a field hockey positions above the knee may on some occasions not be penalized, this is at the umpire's discretion. A jab tackle, for example, might accidentally lift the ball above knee height into an opponent from close range but at such low velocity as not to be, in the opinion of the umpire, dangerous play.

In the same way a high-velocity hit at very close range into an opponent, but below knee height, could be considered to be dangerous or reckless play in the view of the umpire, especially when safer alternatives are open to the striker of the ball. A ball that has been lifted high so that it will fall among close opponents may be deemed to be potentially dangerous and play may be stopped for that reason.

The term "falling ball" is important in what may be termed encroaching offences. It is generally only considered an offence to encroach on an opponent receiving a lifted ball that has been lifted to above head height although the height is not specified in rule and is falling.

Field Hockey Field Diagram and Positions

So, for example, a lifted shot at the goal which is still field hockey positions as it crosses the goal line or would have been rising as it crossed the goal line can be legitimately followed up by any of the attacking team looking for a rebound.

In general even potentially dangerous play is not penalised if an opponent is not disadvantaged by it or, obviously, not injured by it so that he cannot continue.

A personal penalty, that is a caution or a suspension, rather than a team field hockey positions, such as a free ball or a penalty corner, may be many would say should be or even must be, but again this is at the umpire's discretion issued to the guilty party after an advantage allowed by the umpire has been played out in any situation where an offence has occurred, including dangerous play but once advantage has been allowed the umpire cannot then call play back and award a team penalty.

It is not an offence to lift the ball over an opponent's stick or body on field hockey positions groundprovided that it is done with consideration for the safety of the opponent and not dangerously.


For example, field hockey positions skillful attacker may lift the ball over a defenders stick or prone body and run past them, however if the attacker lifts the ball into or at the defender's body, this would almost certainly be regarded as dangerous.

It is not against the rules to field hockey positions the ball on the stick and even to run with it while doing so, as long as that does not lead to a potentially dangerous conflict with an opponent who is attempting to make a tackle.

For example, two players trying to play at the ball in the air at the same time, would probably be considered a dangerous situation and it is likely that the player who first put the ball up or who was so 'carrying' it would be penalised.

Field hockey - Wikipedia

Dangerous play rules also apply to the usage of the stick when approaching the ball, making a stroke at it replacing field hockey positions was at one time referred to as the "sticks" rule, which once forbade the raising of any part of the stick above the shoulder during any play.

This last restriction has been removed but the stick should field hockey positions not be used in a way that endangers an opponent or attempting to tackle, fouls relating to tripping, impeding and obstruction.


The use of the stick to strike an opponent will usually be much more severely dealt with by the umpires than offences such as barging, impeding and obstruction with the body, although these field hockey positions also dealt with firmly, especially when these fouls are intentional: Players may not play or attempt to play at the ball above their shoulders unless trying to save a shot that could go into the goal, in which case they are permitted to stop the ball or deflect it safely away.

Within the English National League it is now a legal action to take a ball above shoulder height if completed using a controlled action. A Penn State player receives a green card.

When shown a green card, the player may have to field hockey positions the field for two minutes, depending on national regulations, though at international standards the player has to leave the field for two minutes, but any further infractions will result in a yellow or red card.

A yellow card is an official suspension similar to the penalty box in ice hockey.


Most umpires will opt for a minimum of five minutes' duration without substitution; the maximum time is at the field hockey positions of the umpire, depending on the seriousness of the offence; for example the second yellow to the same player or the first for danger might be given ten minutes.

In some modes, including indoor, shorter periods of suspension are applied, dependent on local rules. However it is possible to send a player off for the remainder of the match if the penalty time is longer than the time remaining in the match.